Includes most of the towns and cities in Europe with surviving town walls. Photographs, information.
Illustrated description from an exhibition at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, of the fortress town constructed 1698-1720, designed by Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban.
17th-century kings of Ethiopia created fortifications at Gondar inspired by Portuguese design. Photographs by Janice Dennie accompany text from Harry R. Atkins, 'Ethiopia: The Land of Enchantment'.
Table Top Studios present their computer model of the fort c.1755 on the site of present-day Pittsburgh and explain how it was constructed from original plans.
Attractive, well-organised site from Industry Canada giving an interactive plan, history, archaeology and images of the reconstructed 18th-century fortified town.
The Louisbourg Institute provides history, images, bibliography and visitor information for the fortified town in Canada, whose fortifications were rebuilt in the 1960s to their state in 1744. Searchable site.
Steve Howe of the Black and White Picture Place provides a guide around the Roman and medieval city wall. Map, modern and archival images with description and history, including quotations from primary sources.
Virtual tour of the ancient city walls provided by City of York Council.
Provides introductions with bibliographies to military architecture, siege warfare, castles and Anglo-Saxon burhs. Images and information on sites including Constantinople, Masada, Shiro and Ankara.
History, plan and visitor information for this Victorian fortress outside Plymouth, UK, from the official site. Restored and owned by the Landmark Trust.